Housing built before 1978 may contain lead based paint. Lead from paint, paint chips, and dust can pose health hazards if not taken care of properly. Lead exposure is especially harmful to young children and pregnant women. Before renting pre-1978 housing, lessors must disclose the presence of known lead-based paint hazards in the dwelling.  Lessees must also receive a federally approved pamphlet on lead poisoning prevention.
Who: The parties involved in the contract, the lessor (sometimes called the owner or landlord) and the lessee (sometimes called the renter or tenant) are identified in the contract. A housing lease may specify whether the renter is living alone, with family, children, roommate, visitors. A rental may delineate the rights and obligations of each of these. For example, a "sub-let" to a stranger might not be permitted without permission of the landlord. This also applies to whether or not pets may be kept by the renter. On the other hand, the renter may also have specific rights against intrusions by the landlord (or other tenants), except under emergency circumstances. A renter is in possession of the property, and a landlord would be trespassing upon the renter's rights if entry is made without proper notice and authority (e.g., 24 hours' notice, daytime, knock first, except for emergency repairs, in case of fire, flood, etc.).
Who: The parties involved in the contract, the lessor (sometimes called the owner or landlord) and the lessee (sometimes called the renter or tenant) are identified in the contract. A housing lease may specify whether the renter is living alone, with family, children, roommate, visitors. A rental may delineate the rights and obligations of each of these. For example, a "sub-let" to a stranger might not be permitted without permission of the landlord. This also applies to whether or not pets may be kept by the renter. On the other hand, the renter may also have specific rights against intrusions by the landlord (or other tenants), except under emergency circumstances. A renter is in possession of the property, and a landlord would be trespassing upon the renter's rights if entry is made without proper notice and authority (e.g., 24 hours' notice, daytime, knock first, except for emergency repairs, in case of fire, flood, etc.).

Make sure that every appliance and piece of furniture that is mentioned in the lease exists on the property. If not, at the end of the agreement the landlord will be liable to claim whatever is mentioned in the lease as part of the property. If a move-in checklist is being completed, this is not a huge issue, but the tenant should double-check to ensure that all is included as part of the lease.


A body corporate is the group of all the owners of lots or units which share common property. The body corporate bylaws refer to the set of rules governing the internal management of those lots. The bylaws may specify rules relating to noise, parking, behaviour of guests, pets, garbage disposal and the use of common property. The bylaws are sometimes referred to as a Community Management Statement or Condominium Bylaws.

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Section 14. The staff or the building manager may enter the Premises at any time in the event of an emergency. With two days prior notice, the Landlord or Landlord’s agents may enter the Premises at reasonable times and manners to make repairs or improvements, or to show the Premises to prospective buyers or tenants. The Landlord may also enter the Premises to conduct a semi-annual inspection to check for safety or maintenance problems.
As of April 30, 2018, landlords of residential rental property in Ontario will be obligated to use a new government-issued standard lease template (the “Standard Lease”) for all new residential leases. Requirements relating to the Standard Lease are contained in new Section 12.1 of the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006 (the “RTA”) and related regulations.
Alberta doesn’t have standard leases or residential tenancy agreement forms. This means that the landlord and the tenant can make up their own agreements, or they can use forms available from organizations across Alberta that develop them. Landlords and tenants should make sure that they are using an agreement that has been developed for Alberta, as each province has different renting laws.
A Standard Residential Lease is the most basic and popular type of document used when renting property to an individual, known as a tenant. It is highly customizable which is very important for landlords and property owners who wish to alter the agreement according to their needs and property type. The 3 main subjects a lease should entail is the term (length of time), the amount per month or period, and any type of deposit such as a security or pet deposit. The lease guarantees that the rights and responsibilities of both landlord and tenant be ensured, according to the state.

The Parties will use reasonable efforts to maintain the Property in such a condition as to prevent the accumulation of moisture and the growth of mold. The Tenant will promptly notify the Landlord in writing of any moisture accumulation that occurs or of any visible evidence of mold discovered by the Tenant. The Landlord will promptly respond to any such written notices from the Tenant.


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Termination – In most lease agreements, there is no termination clause. If there is, there is usually a termination fee or cost to the tenant. In most cases, the tenant would have to be responsible for paying the remaining rent due. For example, if there are 6 months left on the rent, the tenant is responsible for paying the remaining 6 months plus any other early termination fees.
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Any waiver by the Landlord of any failure by the Tenant to perform or observe the provisions of this Lease will not operate as a waiver of the Landlord's rights under this Lease in respect of any subsequent defaults, breaches or non-performance and will not defeat or affect in any way the Landlord's rights in respect of any subsequent default or breach.
If the Tenant tenders a cheque, which is dishonored by a banking institution, then the Tenant shall only tender cash or cashier's cheque for all future payments. This shall continue until such time as written consent is obtained from the Landlord. In addition, the Tenant shall be liable in the sum of $50 for each cheque that is returned to the Landlord because the cheque has been dishonored.
A: In the event the Tenant defaults by failing to pay rent, the Landlord may give written notice to the Tenant to terminate the agreement. The Landlord must give the Tenant adequate warning in writing a certain number of days number of days before terminating the agreement. The notice period can vary by state so we recommend you check your local laws. Read these guidelines if you aren’t sure what to do when a Tenant is late paying the rent. 

If you are planning to sublet your place its important to know that you remain entirely responsible for the obligations of the lease. That said, you can draw up a sublease form by using a standard lease form and fill it out as the landlord. Let your landlord know you are planning to sublet your place and notify them of your sub-tenant nomination. They are allowed to refused the sub-tenant provided they offer serious explanations. A sublet is a sublet (versus assigning a lease) only if you expect to return afterwards.

A: By default this Agreement includes the landlord’s right to enter the property at reasonable times to inspect the property, make improvements or repairs, as well as enter in times of emergency.  As the landlord, it is a good idea to give reasonable notice to your tenant before entering the property. For example, in the event of a pipe leaking, you can enter the property but it is wise to give notice to the tenant.

A: In the event the Tenant defaults by any reason other than failing to pay rent (i.e. having a pet if not permitted or breaking any other rule specified in the Agreement), the Landlord may give written notice to the Tenant to terminate the agreement. Specify the number of days’ written notice the Landlord will give to the Tenant before terminating the agreement. The notice period can vary by state so we recommend you check your local laws.
A lease with a predetermined end date, usually called a fixed term lease, is when the tenant agrees to rent the property for a certain period of time at a fixed price. This type of lease uses calendar dates to specify the start and end of the lease. At the end of a fixed term lease, the landlord and tenant can sign a new lease with updated dates and information or move on.
The information in this pamphlet is intended as a guide for landlords and tenants under the Rental of Residential Property Act. Further information can be obtained at the Office of the Director of Residential Rental Property on the 5th Floor, National Bank Tower, 134 Kent Street, Charlottetown. Copies of the Act and forms can also be obtained at any Access PEI office or online at www.irac.pe.ca/rental. Our telephone number is (902) 892-3501 or 1-800-501-6268.
The lease should be reviewed for early termination clauses that allow for it to be broken with no penalty. If no clauses are found, the tenant may attempt to have legal clauses added to allow for the lease to be broken without penalty. Clauses are provided at the discretion of the landlord, or property management company if acting on the behalf of the best interest of the landlord. Dependent on the reasons for the tenant to break the lease, some states provide options that would not hold the tenant liable even when not stated in the Standard Residential Lease Agreement.
A: Usually if the tenant does not have a lot of credit history or is particularly young (such as a college student), then the landlord will require a cosigner or guarantor. Requiring a cosigner for the tenant is mainly for the landlord’s protection in case the tenant defaults on the lease.  In case the tenant defaults and cannot pay rent, the cosigner is responsible for paying the amount due to the landlord. The guarantor is usually someone in good financial standing or has excellent credit. Feel free to use a Lease Application in order to require any prospective tenants to undergo a credit check before allowing them to sign a lease agreement.
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As of April 30, 2018, landlords of residential rental property in Ontario will be obligated to use a new government-issued standard lease template (the “Standard Lease”) for all new residential leases. Requirements relating to the Standard Lease are contained in new Section 12.1 of the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006 (the “RTA”) and related regulations.
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Please note: in some jurisdictions, a landlord is not allowed to ask for a security deposit. In other jurisdictions, a landlord may require both a security deposit and other types of deposits (for example, a pet damage deposit). You should review the governing legislation for the location of the property to make sure the type of deposit is allowable.
22.1 The present terms of use constitutes the entire, complete and exclusive agreement between the parties hereto with respect to the subject matter hereof and supersedes all previous agreements whether written or oral, between the Parties. Headings used in this Agreement are provided for convenience only and shall not be used to construe meaning or intent.        
Section 22. The failure of Tenant or Tenant’s visitors to comply with any term of this Lease Agreement to the detriment of the Landlord, or the misrepresentation of any material fact on Tenants’ Rental Application, is grounds for termination of the tenancy, with appropriate notice to the Tenants and procedures as required by law, including that the Landlord can cancel the remainder of the Lease Agreement and the Tenants will be liable for the balance of the rent for the remainder of the term.
Section 22. The failure of Tenant or Tenant’s visitors to comply with any term of this Lease Agreement to the detriment of the Landlord, or the misrepresentation of any material fact on Tenants’ Rental Application, is grounds for termination of the tenancy, with appropriate notice to the Tenants and procedures as required by law, including that the Landlord can cancel the remainder of the Lease Agreement and the Tenants will be liable for the balance of the rent for the remainder of the term.

Under the Rental of Residential Property Act, a landlord is not responsible for damages to a tenant's personal property. If a tenant wishes to be compensated for losses or damages to their personal belongings, the tenant should obtain tenant insurance. If a tenant believes he has a cause of action against the landlord for personal injury and/or damages to personal property, the tenant may pursue the matter in the Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island.


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Negotiating a lease agreement is determined by a multitude of factors starting with market conditions and how the property is priced versus other rentals in the area. The landlord’s goal is to collect as much rent each month as possible while mitigating their risk. If the applicant can represent that they would be a stable tenant, the landlord may give them a discount on the monthly rental amount along with including utilities or services.
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