The tenancy cannot be ended earlier than the date fixed except in three circumstances:  both parties agree in writing;   there are special circumstances such as the tenant is fleeing family violence or the tenant has been assessed as requiring long-term care or has been accepted into a long-term care facility; or as ordered by an arbitrator. Learn more about ending a fixed-term for family violence or long-term care. 
A typical rental is either annual or month-to-month, and the amount of rent may be different for long-term renters (because of lower turnover costs). Leaving a long-term lease before its expiration could result in penalties, or even the cost of the entire agreed period (if the landlord is unable to find a suitable replacement tenant, after diligent pursuit). If a tenant stays beyond the end of a lease for a term of years (one or more), then the parties may agree that the lease will be automatically renewed, or it may simply convert to a tenancy at will (month-to-month) at the pro-rated monthly cost of the previous annual lease. If a tenant at will is given notice to quit the premises, and refuses to do so, the landlord then begins eviction proceedings. In many places it is completely illegal to change locks on doors, or remove personal belongings, let alone forcibly eject a person, without a court order of eviction. There may be strict rules of procedure, and stiff penalties (triple damages, plus attorneys' fees) for violations.
Typically, renting a room or a basement suite means you are sharing an accommodation with the landlord. A basement suite is a self-contained dwelling unit complete with its own kitchen, bathroom, and living area. Most tenants of a basement suite use a separate entrance to enter the house than the rest of the occupants. If you rent a room, you will likely share either the kitchen or bathroom with the landlord or other tenants.
In order to rent or lease in many apartment buildings, a renter (also referred to as a “lessee") is often required to provide proof of renters insurance before signing the rental agreement. There is a special type of the homeowners insurance in the United States specifically for renters — HO-4. This is commonly referred to as renter’s insurance or renter's coverage. Similar to condominium coverage, referred to as a HO-6 policy, a renter's insurance policy covers those aspects of the apartment and its contents not specifically covered in the blanket policy written for the complex. This policy can also cover liabilities arising from accidents and intentional injuries for guests as well as passers-by up to 150' of the domicile. Renter’s policies provide "named peril" coverage, meaning the policy states specifically what you are insured against. Common coverage areas are:

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A: In the event the Tenant defaults by failing to pay rent, the Landlord may give written notice to the Tenant to terminate the agreement. The Landlord must give the Tenant adequate warning in writing a certain number of days number of days before terminating the agreement. The notice period can vary by state so we recommend you check your local laws. Read these guidelines if you aren’t sure what to do when a Tenant is late paying the rent.
Section 12. The Tenant is entitled to quiet enjoyment of the Premises and Furnishings. The Tenant and her visitors will not use the Premises or Furnishings or any other indoor or outdoor areas of the building property in such a way to: (1) violate any law or ordinance; (2) damage property; or (3) create a nuisance by interfering with the quiet enjoyment of any other resident of the building property.
Panda Tip:  Customize these to your anticipated living conditions, and be sure the Renter is ready to meet your expectations of behavior.  Because a room renter is going to be living in daily close proximity, it is important for everyone to respect each other’s expectations of behavior.  Pay close attention to rules about pets and waterbeds as both have the possibility of causing serious damage to the property; say they are not allowed at all if that is the choice you decide to make.
The tenant will have to read their lease as most agreements automatically convert to a month-to-month lease (tenancy-at-will) if there is no termination by either party. In most cases, the landlord will send the tenant a Lease Extension Addendum before the original lease ends to extend the term. The extension will detail the new end date, along with any other changes, while maintaining the rest of the terms of the original lease agreement.
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Make sure that every appliance and piece of furniture that is mentioned in the lease exists on the property. If not, at the end of the agreement the landlord will be liable to claim whatever is mentioned in the lease as part of the property. If a move-in checklist is being completed, this is not a huge issue, but the tenant should double-check to ensure that all is included as part of the lease.
4. Is the apartment in bad shape? A tenant may be able to get out of a lease if the apartment is in a sub-standard state and repeated attempts to have repairs made have been ignored. Sub-standard could mean poor maintenance of the building and/or unit, public health concerns like water and mould, or harassment of a tenant by a landlord. In this case, as long as you have proof, the tenant board can order an end to the tenancy because “the landlord has not met their obligations.”

It is acknowledged that the Landlord is not liable for these occurrences. It is acknowledged that the Tenants’ insurance policy shall solely indemnify the Tenant for any losses sustained. Tenants’ failure to maintain said policy shall be a complete waiver of the Tenants’ right to seek damages against the Landlord for the above stated losses. The parties acknowledge that the premises are not to be considered a security building which would hold the Landlord to a higher degree of care.


The lease is mutually beneficial. A tenant can't stop paying rent or vacate the property during the lease term — this is a violation of the agreement. Likewise, the landlord can't arbitrarily force the tenant to move. If my sister moves to town, for instance, I can't evict one of my tenants for the sake of giving that space to a family member. The tenant has secured it with a lease. My hands are tied.
Section 12. The Tenant is entitled to quiet enjoyment of the Premises and Furnishings. The Tenant and her visitors will not use the Premises or Furnishings or any other indoor or outdoor areas of the building property in such a way to: (1) violate any law or ordinance; (2) damage property; or (3) create a nuisance by interfering with the quiet enjoyment of any other resident of the building property.

What: Rented real estate may include all or part of almost any real property, such as an apartment, house, building, business office(s) or suite, land, farm, or merely an inside or outside space to park a vehicle, or store things. The premises rented may include not only specific rooms, but also access to other common areas such as off-street parking, basement or attic storage, laundry facility, pool, roof-deck, balconies, etc. The agreement may specify how and when these places may be used, and by whom. There may be detailed description of the current condition of the premises, for comparison with the condition at the time the premises are surrendered.
immediately notify the manager of the buildings of which the Premises is a part of in person, by office telephone at Condo Office Phone Number, or by emailing Condo Office Email Address, and thereafter the Landlord by cellular telephone at Owner Phone, of any emergencies, dangerous conditions or defects in and about the Premises or Furnishings of which either Tenant becomes aware
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